Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL DETAILS
BIOGRAPHY

Prof. Kwan serves as the Senior Consultant of the Spine Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, and the President for the Malaysia Spine Society (MSS) 2019/21. His practice is mainly devoted to scoliosis patients. He has vast experience in taking care and treating scoliosis patients via non-operative management, as well as operative management. He operated an average of 300 spine cases a year with approximately 150 cases is on scoliosis.

 

Prof. Kwan is an active member of numerous international professional spine societies. He is well known internationally, as well as in the regional spine community where he serves as and the President-Elect for the Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) 2021/23. He is also the Active Member of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) and AOSpine. He has published more than 100 articles in the International/ National Scientific Peer-Reviewed Journals. Recently, he was awarded many prestigious MOA research awards, namely the ‘P. Balasubramaniam Award 2014 and 2015’ for the best basic sciences research published papers for 2 consecutive years. He was later awarded the “Subir Sengupta Award 2017 and 2018” for the best clinical research published papers for another 2 consecutive years. Due to his vast academic contributions, he is appointed as a member of various editorial board members and reviewers for many notable journals. He has written many academic books and videos related to orthopaedic and spinal surgery and has also, contributed book chapters about spinal disorders. Due to his dedicated teaching, he was conferred the ‘Best Lecturer (Clinical) Award by the Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya in the year 2013’.


ADMINISTRATIVE DUTIES
(Role),(Level),(Duration)
  • DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH, Faculty, 01/12/2021 to present
  • Research Coordinator (NOCERAL), University Malaya, 22/10/2020 to 31/12/2021
  • Research Publication Coordinator (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery), University Malaya, 28/07/2016 to 31/12/2021
  • Finance Committee UMSC Fund, University Malaya, 01/04/2016 to 31/12/2021
  • Head of Surgical Training & Experimental Laboratory (STEL) , Faculty, 01/01/2014 to 31/12/2021
  • Head of Spine Subspecialty Training Programme , Faculty, 22/12/2016 to present
  • Clinical Examiner for Spine Fellowship Training Programme , National, 01/01/2012 to present
ACADEMIC QUALIFICATION
(Qualification),(Field),(Institution),(Year)
  • MS.Orth(UM), SURGERI ORTOPEDIK(ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY), UNIVERSITI MALAYA (UM)
  • MBBS(UM), PERUBATAN DAN PEMBEDAHAN, UNIVERSITI MALAYA (UM)
MEMBERSHIPS
(Organisation),(Role),(Duration),(Level)
  • COLLEGE OF SURGEON, ACADEMY OF MEDICINE MALAYSIA (AMM), Member, 2021 to 2022 (National)
  • Spine Surgery and Related Research (SSRR) Editorial Board Member, Editorial Board, 2021 to 2022 (International)
  • AOSPINE, Member, 2021 to present (International)
  • ASIA PACIFIC SPINE SOCIETY (APSS), Member, Since 2017 (International)
  • ASIA PACIFIC ORTHOPAEDIC ASSOCIATION (APOA), Member, Since 2016 (International)
  • MALAYSIA SPINE SOCIETY, Member, Since 2014 (National)
  • Asian Spine Journal (ASJ) Editorial Board Member, Editorial Board, Since 2013 (International)
  • Malaysian Orthopaedic Association (MOA), Member, Since 2010 (International)
  • SCOLIOSIS RESEARCH SOCIETY (SRS), Member, 2021 to 2021 (International)
  • Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery (JOS) Editorial Board Member, Editorial Board, 2021 to 2021 (International)
  • MALAYSIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (MMA) , Member, 1995 to 2021 (National)
SPECIALIZATION
(Area)
Area of Expertise
  • Spine Surgery (Orthopaedic, Spine Surgery)
  • TEACHING
    (Course Title),(Level of Study),(Institution),(Academic Session)
    Teaching
  • MEM - MBBS, First Degree, UNIVERSITY MALAYA (2019/2020 - )
  • MGI - MS Orth, Post Graduate, UNIVERSITY MALAYA (2019/2020 - )
  • MEM - MBBS, First Degree, UNIVERSITY MALAYA (2020/2021 - )
  • MGI - MS Orth, Post Graduate, UNIVERSITY MALAYA (2020/2021 - )
  • Teaching Activity
  • MTB27200 - BASIC CLINICAL TRAINING, Master, University Malaya (2021)
  • MTB27300 - BASIC CLINICAL TRAINING, Master, University Malaya (2021)
  • MIA 2001 - Universiti Malaya Medical Programme (UMMP) , Bachelor/First Degree, University Malaya (2021)
  • PUBLICATIONS
    (Title of publication in APA style)
    WoS
    2021
    • Hasan, M. S., Yunus, S. N., Ng, C. C., Chan, C. Y. W., Chiu, C. K., & Kwan, M. K. (2021). Tranexamic Acid in Pediatric Scoliosis Surgery A Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing High-dose and Low-dose Tranexamic Acid in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery. Spine, 46(22), E1170-E1177. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000004076
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Chiu, C. K., Ch'ng, P. Y., Lee, S. Y., Chung, W. H., Hasan, M. S., & Kwan, M. K. (2021). Dual attending surgeon strategy learning curve in single-staged posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgery for 415 idiopathic scoliosis (IS) cases. Spine Journal, 21(7), 1049-1058. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2021.02.009
    • Chiu, C. K., Tan, C. S., Chung, W. H., Mohamad, S. M., Kwan, M. K., & Chan, C. Y. W. (2021). Mid-long-term outcome and degeneration of the remaining unfused lumbar intervertebral disc in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients who had posterior spinal fusion surgery. European Spine Journal, 30(7), 1978-1987. doi: 10.1007/s00586-021-06874-5
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Lee, S. Y., Ch'ng, P. Y., Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., Hasan, M. S., & Kwan, M. K. (2021). Learning Curve for a Dual Attending Surgeon Strategy in Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF). Spine, 46(12), E663-E670. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000003866
    • Kwan, M. K., Loh, K. W., Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., Hasan, M. S., & Chan, C. Y. W. (2021). Perioperative outcome and complications following single-staged Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) using pedicle screw instrumentation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): a review of 1057 cases from a single centre. Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders, 22(1), 16. doi: 10.1186/s12891-021-04225-5
    • Mihara, Y., Chung, W. H., Mohamad, S. M., Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., & Kwan, M. K. (2021). Predictive factors for correction rate in severe idiopathic scoliosis (Cobb angle >= 90 degrees): an analysis of 128 patients. European Spine Journal, 30(3), 653-660. doi: 10.1007/s00586-020-06701-3
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Chiu, C. K., Ng, Y. H., Goh, S. H., Ler, X. Y., Ng, S. J., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2021). An analysis of preoperative shoulder and neck balance and surgical outcome in 111 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with two subtypes of Lenke 1 curves. Journal of Neurosurgery-Spine, 34(1), 37-44. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.spine20397
    • Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Cheung, J. P. Y., Cheung, P. W. H., Abd Gani, S. M., & Kwan, M. K. (2021). Personal protective equipment usage, recycling and disposal among spine surgeons: An Asia Pacific Spine Society survey. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 29(1), 10. doi: 10.1177/2309499020988176
    2020
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Chiu, C. K., Cheung, J. P. Y., Cheung, P. W. H., Abd Gani, S. M., & Kwan, M. K. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Spine Surgeons An Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) Survey. Spine, 45(18), 1285-1292. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000003622
    • Chiu, C. K., Abd Gani, S. M., Chung, W. H., Mihara, Y., Hasan, M. S., Chan, C. Y. W., & Kwan, M. K. (2020). Does Menses Affect the Risk of Blood Loss in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgeries? A Propensity-Score Matching Study. Spine, 45(16), 1128-1134. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000003484
    • Chung, W. H., Eu, W. C., Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K. (2020). Minimally invasive reduction of thoracolumbar burst fracture using monoaxial percutaneous pedicle screws: Surgical technique and report of radiological outcome. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 28(1), 9. doi: 10.1177/2309499019888977
    • Kwan, M. K., Lee, S. Y., Ch'ng, P. Y., Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., & Chan, C. Y. W. (2020). A Positive ( plus ve) Postoperative Upper Instrumented Vertebra Tilt Angle (>= 0 degrees) Significantly Increases the Risk of Medial Shoulder and Neck Imbalance in Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients. Spine, 45(12), E694-E703. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000003407
    • Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Tan, P. H., Goh, S. H., Ng, S. J., Chian, X. H., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2020). Conformity and Changes in the Radiological Neck and Shoulder Balance Parameters Throughout 3-Year Follow-up Period Do They Remain the Same? Spine, 45(6), E319-E328. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000003275
    • Cheung, J. P. Y., Cheung, P. W. H., Shigematsu, H., Takahashi, S., Kwan, M. K., Chan, C. Y. W., . . . Grp, A. S. F. (2020). Controversies with nonoperative management for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Study from the APSS Scoliosis Focus Group. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 28(2), 7. doi: 10.1177/2309499020930291
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Chong, J. S. L., Lee, S. Y., Ch'ng, P. Y., Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2020). Parents'/Patients' Perception of the Informed Consent Process and Surgeons Accountability in Corrective Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis A Prospective Study. Spine, 45(23), 1661-1667. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000003641
    • Mihara, Y., Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., Hasan, M. S., Lee, S. Y., Ch'ng, P. Y., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2020). Perioperative Outcome of Severe Idiopathic Scoliosis (Cobb Angle >= 90 degrees) Is There Any Difference Between "Daytime" Versus "After-hours" Surgeries? Spine, 45(6), 381-389. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000003274
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Chung, W. H., Mihara, Y., Lee, S. Y., Ch'ng, P. Y., Hasan, M. S., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2020). Perioperative outcome of severe rigid idiopathic scoliosis: Single-staged posterior spinal fusion utilizing a dual attending surgeon strategy. A report of 41 patients. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 28(3), 12. doi: 10.1177/2309499020936005
    • Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., & Kwan, M. K. (2020). Rapid progression of scoliosis curve in a mature patient with undiagnosed pituitary macroadenoma: A rare case report. Acta Orthopaedica Et Traumatologica Turcica, 54(5), 561-564. doi: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19144
    • Chung, W. H., Anuar, A. A., Lee, K. J., Hasan, M. S., Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., & Kwan, M. K. (2020). Superior mesenteric artery syndrome: A rare complication of scoliosis corrective surgery. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 28(3), 7. doi: 10.1177/2309499020945014
    • Lee, S. A., Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Yaakup, N. A., Wong, J. H. D., Abd Kadir, K. A., & Kwan, M. K. (2020). The clinical utility of fluoroscopic versus CT guided percutaneous transpedicular core needle biopsy for spinal infections and tumours: a randomized trial. Spine Journal, 20(7), 1114-1124. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2020.03.015
    2019
    • Chiu, C. K., Lee, K. J., Chung, W. H., Chandren, J. R., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K. (2019). Does the Severity of the Curve in Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients Affect the Distance and Position of the Aorta From Vertebra? Spine, 44(11), 785-792. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000002945
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Naing, K. S., Chiu, C. K., Mohamad, S. M., Kwan, M. K. (2019). Pelvic obliquity in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis planned for posterior spinal fusion: A preoperative analysis of 311 lower limb axis films. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 27(2), 10. doi:10.1177/2309499019857250
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Mohamad, S. M., Tan, S. H., Loh, L. H., Lim, J. N., Chiu, C. K., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2019). Do Overweight Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients Have an Increased Perioperative Risk for Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) Surgery? A Propensity Score Matching Analysis of 374 AIS Patients. Spine, 44(6), 389-396. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000002853
    • Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., Ng, S. J., Goh, S. H., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K. (2019). How Common Is Medial and Lateral Shoulder Discordance in Lenke 1 and 2 Curves? Spine, 44(8), E480-E486. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000002890
    • Kwan, M. K., Chiu, C. K., Hasan, M. S., Tan, S. H., Loh, L. H., Yeo, K. S., . . . Chan, C. Y. W. (2019). Perioperative Outcome of Single Stage Posterior Spinal Fusion for Severe Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) (Cobb Angle >= 90 degrees). Spine, 44(6), E348-E356. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000002848
    • Wong, T. S., Abu Bakar, J., Chee, K. H., Hasan, M. S., Chung, W. H., Chiu, C. K., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2019). Posterior Spinal Fusion in a Scoliotic Patient With Congenital Heart Block Treated With Pacemaker An Intraoperative Technical Difficulty. Spine, 44(4), E252-E257. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000002828
    • Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Chandren, J. R., Ong, J. Y., Loo, S. F., Hasan, M. S., Kwan, M. K. (2019). After-hours elective spine deformity corrective surgery for patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is it safe? Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 27(2), 6. doi:10.1177/2309499019839023
    • Kwan, M. K., Chia, C. K., Gold, S. H., Ng, S. J., Tan, P. H., Chian, X. H., . . . Chan, C. Y. W. (2019). The Reliability of Intraoperative Crossbar Technique in Determining the Upper Instrumented Vertebra (UIV) Tilt Angle for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion. Clinical Spine Surgery, 32(6), 256-262. doi:10.1097/bsd.0000000000000769
    2018
    • Chiu, C. K., Lisitha, K. A., Elias, D. M., Yong, V. W., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K. (2018). Do the dynamic stress mobility radiographs predict the postoperative vertebral height restoration, kyphosis correction, and cement volume injected after vertebroplasty for osteoporotic thoracolumbar vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft? Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 26(3), 9. doi:10.1177/2309499018806700
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Chiu, C. K., Ler, X. Y., Ng, Y. H., Chian, X. H., Tan, P. H., Kwan, M. K. (2018). Upper Instrumented Vertebrae (UIV) Tilt Angle Is an Important Postoperative Radiological Parameter That Correlates With Postoperative Neck and Medial Shoulder Imbalance. Spine, 43(19), E1143-E1151. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000002645
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K. (2018). Zonal differences in risk and pattern of pedicle screw perforations in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): a computerized tomography (CT) review of 1986 screws. European Spine Journal, 27(2), 340-349. doi:10.1007/s00586-017-5350-x
    • Kwan, M. K., Chiu, C. K., Chan, T. S., Abd Gani, S. M., Tan, S. H., Chan, C. Y. W. (2018). Flexibility assessment of the unfused thoracic segments above the "potential upper instrumented vertebrae" using the supine side bending radiographs in Lenke 5 and 6 curves for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. Spine Journal, 18(1), 53-62. doi:10.1016/j.spinee.2017.06.020
    • Hasan, M. S., Tan, J. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K., Karim, F. S. A., Goh, K. J. (2018). Comparison between effect of desflurane/remifentanil and propofol/remifentanil anesthesia on somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during scoliosis surgery-A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 26(3), 7. doi:10.1177/2309499018789529
    • Kwan, M. K., Chiu, C. K., Tan, P. H., Chian, X. H., Ler, X. Y., Ng, Y. H., . . . Chan, C. Y. W. (2018). Radiological and clinical outcome of selective thoracic fusion for patients with Lenke 1C and 2C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Spine Journal, 18(12), 2239-2246. doi:10.1016/j.spinee.2018.05.007
    2017
    • Lee, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Gani, S. M. A., Kwan, M. K. (2017). Accuracy of cannulated pedicle screw versus conventional pedicle screw for extra-pedicular screw placement in dysplastic pedicles without cancellous channel in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a computerized tomography (CT) analysis. European Spine Journal, 26(11), 2951-2960. doi:10.1007/s00586-017-5266-5
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Chiu, C. K., Lee, C. K., Abd Gani, S. M., Mohamad, S. M., Hasan, M. S., Kwan, M. K. (2017). Usage of Chewing Gum in Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis A Randomized Controlled Trial. Spine, 42(19), 1427-1433. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000002135
    • Kwan, M. K., Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Zamani, R., Hansen-Algenstaedt, N. (2017). The use of fluoroscopic guided percutaneous pedicle screws in the upper thoracic spine (T1-T6): Is it safe? Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 25(2), 8.
    • Hasan, M. S., Choe, N. C., Chan, C. Y. W., Chiu, C. K., Kwan, M. K. (2017). Effect of intraoperative autologous transfusion techniques on perioperative hemoglobin level in idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion: A prospective randomized trial. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 25(2), 7.
    • Chiu, C. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K. (2017). The accuracy and safety of fluoroscopic-guided percutaneous pedicle screws in the thoracic and lumbosacral spine in the Asian population: A CT scan analysis of 1002 screws. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 25(2), 8.
    • Hansen-Algenstaedt, N., Kwan, M. K., Algenstaedt, P., Chiu, C. K., Viezens, L., Chan, T. S., Lee, C. K., Wellbrock, J., Chan, C. Y. W., Schaefer, C. (2017). Comparison Between Minimally Invasive Surgery and Conventional Open Surgery for Patients With Spinal Metastasis A Prospective Propensity Score-Matched Study. Spine, 42(10), 789-797.
    • Kwan, M. K., Chiu, C. K., Chan, T. S., Chong, K. I., Mohamad, S. M., Hasan, M. S., Chan, C. Y. W. (2017). Trajectory of Postoperative Wound Pain Within the First 2 Weeks Following Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients. Spine, 42(11), 838-843.
    • Kwan, M. K., Chiu, C. K., Abd Gani, S. M., Wei, C. C. Y. (2017). Accuracy and Safety of Pedicle Screw Placement in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients A Review of 2020 Screws Using Computed Tomography Assessment. Spine, 42(5), 326-335.
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Aziz, I., Chai, F. W., Kwan, M. K. (2017). A Silver Medal Winner at the 13th World Wu Shu Championship 2015 17 Months After Selective Thoracic Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis A Case Report. Spine, 42(4), E248-E252.
    • Wei, C. C. Y., Haw, S. S., Bashir, E. S., Beng, S. L., Shanmugam, R., Keong, K. M. (2017). Biomechanical comparison between cortical screw-rod construct versus pedicle screw-rod construct in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: A porcine animal study model. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 25(1), 8.
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K., Saw, L. B., Paisal, H. (2017). Feasibility of Percutaneous Posterolateral Spinal Fusion With Recombinant Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rhBMP-2) A Comparison With Standard Methods Using an Animal Model Study. Clinical Spine Surgery, 30(2), E138-E147.
    • Kew, Y., Tan, C. Y., Ng, C. J., Thang, S. S., Tan, L. H., Khoo, Y. K., Lim, J. N., Ng, J. H., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K., et al. (2017). Prevalence and associations of neuropathic pain in a cohort of multi-ethnic Asian low back pain patients. Rheumatology International, 37(4), 633-639.
    • Kwan, M. K., Chan, C. Y. W., Saw, L. B., Rukmanikanthan, S., Lenke, L. G. (2017). The Safety and Strength of a Novel Medial, Partial Nonthreaded Pedicle Screw A Cadaveric and Biomechanical Investigation. Clinical Spine Surgery, 30(3), E297-E304.
    • Kwan, M. K., Chan, C. Y. W. (2017). Does a dual attending surgeon strategy confer additional benefit for posterior selective thoracic fusion in Lenke 1 and 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)? A prospective propensity matching score analysis. Spine Journal, 17(2), 224-229.
    • Keong, K. M., Aziz, I., Wei, C. C. Y. (2017). Prediction of height increment using preoperative radiological parameters following selective thoracic fusion with alternate-level pedicle screw construct in Lenke 1 and 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 25(1), 7.
    • Kwan, M., Chiu, C., Chan, C. (2017). Single vs two attending senior surgeons: assessment of intra-operative blood loss at different surgical stages of posterior spinal fusion surgery in Lenke 1 and 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. European Spine Journal, 26(1), 155-161.
    • Chan, C. Y. W., Loo, S. F., Ong, J. Y., Lisitha, K. A., Hasan, M. S., Lee, C. K., . . . Kwan, M. K. (2017). Feasibility and Outcome of an Accelerated Recovery Protocol in Asian Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients. Spine, 42(24), E1415-E1422. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000002206
    Refereed Journals
    2021
    • Chung, W. H., Mihara, Y., Chiu, C. K., Hasan, M. S., Chan, C. Y. W., Kwan, M. K. (2021). Factors Affecting Operation Duration in Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) Using Dual Attending Surgeon Strategy Among Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients. Clin Spine Surg. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001186 [Epub ahead of print] (WoS)
    • Chan CYW, Ch'ng PY, Lee SY, Chung WH, Chiu CK, Kwan MK (2021). Preoperative "Cervical Axis" Deviation Increases the Risk of Distal Adding-On Following Surgery in Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients. Global Spine J. 2021 Mar 11:2192568221998642. doi: 10.1177/2192568221998642. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33691529. (WoS)
    • Chan CYW, Chiu CK, Lee CK, Gani SMA, Mohamad SM, Hasan MS, Kwan MK (2021). Letter to the Editor Regarding "The Usage of Chewing Gum in Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial". Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2021 May 1;46(9):E566-E567. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003986. PMID: 33821819. (WoS)
    • Chan CYW, Gani SMA, Chung WH, Chiu CK, Hasan MS, Kwan MK. A Comparison Between the Perioperative Outcomes of Female Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Versus Adult Idiopathic Scoliosis (AdIS) Following Posterior Spinal Fusion: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis Involving 425 Patients. Global Spine J. 2021 Mar 2:2192568221991510. doi: 10.1177/2192568221991510 (WoS)
    • Lee SY, Ch'ng PY, Wong TS, Ling XW, Chung WH, Chiu CK, Chan CYW, Lean ML, Kwan MK. Patients' Perception and Satisfaction on Neck and Shoulder Imbalance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Global Spine J. 2021 Apr :21925682211007795. doi: 10.1177/21925682211007795. (WoS)
    • Chiu CK, Tan RL, Gani SMA, Chong JSL, Chung WH, Chan CYW, Kwan MK (2021). Feasibility of Single-Stage Posterior Passive Correction and Fusion Surgery for Congenital Scoliosis in Adolescent Patients Who Have Attained Skeletal Maturity. Asian Spine J. 2021 May 7. doi: 10.31616/asj.2020.0649. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33957021. (SCOPUS)
    • Chung WH, Mihara Y, Toyat SS, Chiu CK, Hasan MS, Saw A, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. (2021). Pre-operative Halo-Pelvic Traction for Neurofibromatosis Patients with Severe Proximal Thoracic Spinal Deformity: Indications and Early Treatment Outcome, Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal. 15(3), 99-107
    2020
    • Shetty AP, Rajavelu R, Viswanathan VK, Watanabe K, Chhabra HS, Kanna RM, Cheung JPY, Hai Y, Kwan MK, Wong CC, Liu G, Basu S, Nene A, Babu JN, Garg B. 2020 Jun 5. Validation study of Rajasekaran's Kyphosis classification system: do we clearly understand single- and two-column deficiencies? Asian Spine J. doi: 10.31616/asj.2020.0014. [Online ahead of print]. (SCOPUS)
    • Hasan MS, Goh KJ, Yip HW, Mohamad SM, Chan TS, Chong KI, Haseeb A, Chiu CK, Wei CCY, Kwan MK. Neuropathic Pain after Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Correction Surgery. Asian Spine J. 2021 Oct;15(5):628-635. doi: 10.31616/asj.2020.0006. Epub 2020 Oct 29. PMID: 33108852; PMCID: PMC8561147. (WoS)
    • Chung WH, Ng WL, Chiu CK, Chan C, Kwan MK. Minimally Invasive versus Conventional Open Surgery for Fixation of Spinal Fracture in Ankylosed Spine. Malays Orthop J. 2020 Nov;14(3):22-31. doi: 10.5704/MOJ.2011.005. PMID: 33403059; PMCID: PMC7752011. (SCOPUS)
    • Chung WH, Tan RL, Chiu CK, Kwan MK, Chan C. Delayed Post-operative Spinal Epidural Haematoma after Posterior Spinal Surgery: Report of Two Cases. Malays Orthop J. 2020 Nov;14(3):170-173. doi: 10.5704/MOJ.2011.027. PMID: 33403080; PMCID: PMC7752003. (SCOPUS)
    2019
    • Ong EKS, Wong TS, Chung WH, Chiu CK, Saw A, Hasan MS, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Aberrant left brachiocephalic vein is a contraindication for anterior cervicothoracic approach. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2019 Sep-Dec;27(3):2309499019879213. doi: 10.1177/2309499019879213. PMID: 31615339. (WoS)
    • Wong TS, Abdul Rashid ML, Hasan MS, Chiu CK, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. C1-C2 fusion with absence of C1 posterior arch and presence of C2 high-riding vertebral artery: Is it possible? J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2019 May-Aug;27(2):2309499019840763. doi: 10.1177/2309499019840763. PMID: 30955474. (WoS)
    • Choo QQ, Chiu CK, Lisitha KA, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Quantitative analysis of local bone graft harvested from the posterior elements during posterior spinal fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis patients. J Orthop. 2018 Dec 21;16(1):74-79. doi: 10.1016/j.jor.2018.12.004. PMID: 30662243; PMCID: PMC6324765. (Non-WoS/Non-SCOPUS)
    • Cheung JPY, Cheung PWH, Chiu CK, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Variations in Practice among Asia-Pacific Surgeons and Recommendations for Managing Cervical Myelopathy: The First Asia-Pacific Spine Society Collaborative Study. Asian Spine J. 2019 Feb;13(1):45-55. doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0135. Epub 2018 Oct 18. PMID: 30326696; PMCID: PMC6365774. (Non-WoS/Non-SCOPUS)
    • Chan CYW, Gani SMA, Lim MY, Chiu CK, Kwan MK. APSS-ASJ Best Clinical Research Award: Is There a Difference between Patients' and Parents' Perception of Physical Appearance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis? Asian Spine J. 2019 Apr;13(2):216-224. doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0151. Epub 2018 Nov 27. PMID: 30472823; PMCID: PMC6454293. (Non-WoS/Non-SCOPUS)
    2018
    • Choo CH, Kwan MK, Chris Chan YW. Surgical reduction technique (transpedicle) for unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures with retropulsion resulting in severe spinal canal stenosis: a preliminary case report. AME Case Rep. 2018 Jul 23;2:38. doi: 10.21037/acr.2018.07.02. PMID: 30264034; PMCID: PMC6155616. (WoS)
    • Chiu CK, Bashir ES, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Cervical Supine Side-Bending versus Cervical Supine Traction Radiographs: Which Is Better in Predicting Proximal Thoracic Flexibility for Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis? Asian Spine J. 2018 Aug;12(4):669-677. doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.669. Epub 2018 Jul 27. PMID: 30060375; PMCID: PMC6068410. (Non-WoS/Non-SCOPUS)
    2017
    • Hasan MS, Leong KW, Chan CY, Kwan MK. Anesthetic considerations in scoliosis patient with dopa-responsive dystonia or Segawa's syndrome. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2017 Jan;25(1):2309499016684743. doi: 10.1177/2309499016684743. PubMed PMID: 28166704. (WoS)
    • Lee CK, Tan TS, Chan C, Kwan MK. Is C1 lateral mass screw placement safe for the Chinese, Indians, and Malays? An analysis of 180 computed tomography scans. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2017 Jan;25(1):2309499017692683. doi: 10.1177/2309499017692683. PubMed PMID: 28211302. (WoS)
    • Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Safety of Pedicle Screws in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery. Asian Spine J. 2017 Dec;11(6):998-1007. doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.998. Epub 2017 Dec 7. PMID: 29279757; PMCID: PMC5738323. (Non-WoS/Non-SCOPUS)
    • The Clinical Effectiveness of School Screening Programme for Idiopathic Scoliosis in Malaysia. Deepak AS, Ong JY, Choon DSK, Lee CK, Chiu CK, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal. 2017 Mar;11(1):41-46. doi: 10.5704/MOJ.1703.018. (Non-WoS/Non-SCOPUS)
    • Lee CK, Tan TS, Chan CYW, Kwan MK. Surgical Morphometry of C1 and C2 Vertebrae: A Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Analysis of 180 Chinese, Indian, and Malay Patients. Asian Spine J. 2017 Apr;11(2):181-189. doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.2.181. Epub 2017 Apr 12. PMID: 28443161; PMCID: PMC5401831.
    Book
    2013
    • Kwan, M.K., Chan, Y.W.C., Ho, W.W.N. & Loh, K.W. (2013). Management of Spinal Deformities: Concise Handbook for Orthopaedic Trainees in UMMC. Izmo Graphics Associates.
    • Kwan M.K., Chan C.Y.W., Loh K.W., Lim C.C., Niki H.W.W. (2013). Patient Handbook on Idiopathic Scoliosis. Izmo Graphics Associates
    2008
    • Kwan,M.K. & Ahmad,T.S. (2008). Masters in Orthopaedic Surgery. Training Requirements. Part I: Surgical Skills. University of Malaya: Kuala Lumpur.
    • Kwan,M.K. & Ahmad,T.S. (2008). Masters in Orthopaedic Surgery. Training Requirements. Part II: Clinical Practice Skills. University of Malaya: Kuala Lumpur.
    2007
    • Kwan,M.K., Chua,Y.P., Ng,W.M. & Saw,L.B. (2007). Handbook of Orthopaedic Surgery. University of Malaya: Kuala Lumpur.
    Book Chapter
    2014
    • Kwan, Mun Keong. (2014). Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty for fragility fractures of the spine, Current progress in orthopaedics (pp 132-149), Chp 11. Chennai: Kryon Publishing Services Pte Ltd.
    2012
    • Kwan MK. (2012). Degenerative spine disease, Textbook of Orthopaedics and Trauma In: Sivananthan S, Sherry E, Warnke P, Miller MD. Mercer s 10th edn. (pp993-1005). UK: Hodder Arnold.
    RESEARCH PROJECT
    (Project title),(Role),(Duration),(Level)
    Private Funding
  • Perioperative Outcome in Posterior Spinal Fusion Among Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients: Are There Any Differences Between Lenke 1 Subtypes and Lenke 2 Curves?, Consultant, 2020 - 2021 (National)
  • Do The Dynamic Stress Mobility Radiographs Predict The Post-operative Vertebral Height Restroration, Kyphosis Correction And Cement Volume Injected After Vertebroplasty For Osteoporotic Thoracolumbar Vertebral Fractures With Intravertebral Cleft?, Consultant, 2018 - 2019 (National)
  • Prototype Research Grant Scheme (PRGS)
  • Pre-clinical Testing Of Portable Prototype To Assess Shoulder Asymmetry For Scoliosis Patients, Consultant, 2017 - 2019 (National)
  • Others MOHE
  • Complications of Posterior spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Single Center Review of 1000 Consecutive Cases, Principal Investigator(PI), 2017 - 2019 (National)
  • Geran Penyelidikan Universiti Malaya (UMRG)
  • An Evaluation of the Self-Representation and the Quality of Life of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients (AIS), Consultant, 2011 - 2012 (National)
  • Feasibility of Percutaneous Spinal Fusion With Bone Morphogenetic Protein: A Comparison With Standard Methods (An Animal Study Model) , Consultant, 2009 - 2010 (National)
  • Combination Transarticular and C1 Lateral Mass Screw For C1C2 Stabilisation: Is There Any Biomechanical Advantage?, Consultant, 2009 - 2010 (National)
  • The Usage of The Medial Non-Threaded Pedicle Screws in Increasing The Safety of The Thoracic Pedicle Screw Insertion in Asians: A Cadaveric Study , Principal Investigator(PI), 2009 - 2010 (National)
  • Bantuan Kecil Penyelidikan (BKP)
  • Upper Cervical Spine Surgical Morphology, Co-Researcher, 28/01/2016 to 28/01/2018, Research University (Government)
  • Clinical Applications and Safety of Minimal Invasive Fluoroscopic Guided Percutaneous Pedicle Screw in the Thoracic and Lumbosacral Spine, Co-Researcher, 04/06/2015 to 04/06/2017, Research University (Government)
  • Geran Penyelidikan Universiti Malaya (UMRG) - HTM (Wellness)
  • A Comparative Study Of Two Modalities In Pain Management Of Patients Presenting With Chronic Pain, Co-Researcher, 19/06/2012 to 30/04/2015, (e-Finance) Research University (Government)
  • SUPERVISION
    Postgraduate Student
    (Title of Thesis),(Name of Candidates),(Institution),(Academic Level)
    Completed
    • Computed Tomography Evaluation of Morphometry of Pedicle and Pedicle Rib Unit of The Thoracic Spine: A Comparison between Malay, Chinese and Indian, Lim Sze Wei, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Morphometry of the Safety of S1 and S2 Screws in Asian Population using a Computed Tomography Scan, Jeffry Amit, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Magnetic Resonance Evaluation of the Intervertebral Disc Distal to the Fusion Block among Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients with a Minimum Follow-up of 10 Years, Tan Chin Siong, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Assesment of the clinical and radiological outcome of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis patients with neck and shoulder imbalance after Posterior Spinal Fusion, Ling Xiu Wen, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Clinical outcome, safety & cost evaluation of percutaneous Fluoroscopic Guided Transpedicular core needle biopsy VS CT guided Biopsy, Lee She Ann, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • The Outcome of UMMC Method of Vetebroplasty, Manjunatha Ganiga Srinivasaiah, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Is There a Difference between Patients and Parents Perception of the Physical Appearance of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients, Lim Min Yuen, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Spontaneous Individual Lumbar Disc Correction in Selective Thoracic Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, Wong Yie Dee, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Biomechanical Review of Rod-Screw Interphase in Withstanding Rotational Torque A Comparison between Different Spinal Systems, Premganesh S/O K. Ganaisan, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Morbidity of Sural Nerve Graft. A Retrospective Review, Ng Swee Soon, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Outcome of Intertrochanteric Fractures of the Femur in the Elderly treated with Dynamic Hip Screw. A Retrospective Review, Chua Yeok Pin, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Biomechanical Comparison of Instrumented Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using One or Two Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Cages and Non Instrumented Lumbar Spine, Cheong Min Lee, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Differences between Parents and Patients in Term of Their Concern Prior to Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, Yeo Siang Yew, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • The Effect of Thoracic Pedicle Morphology on the Pedicle Screw Insertion in AIS Surgery, Mohd Firdaus bin Abdullah, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Early Weight Bearing Protocol for Femoral Diaphyseal Fracture Post-Interlocking Nail Fixation, Khoo Eng Hooi, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Quantitative Analysis of Local Bone Graft Harvested from the Posterior Elements during Posterior Spinal Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients, Choo Qi Qi, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Assessment of Aortic Morphometry in Relation to Vertebrae in Malaysian Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients: A CT-Based Study, Lee Keong Joo, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Pedicle Morphometry In Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Does It Correlate With Perforation Rate, Thirumurugan S/O Kurusamy, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Breast Asymmetry in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients with Structural Thoracic Curve: A Computed Tomography (CT) Analysis and Assessment of Patients Perception using the Breast-Q Questionnaire, Tan Heng Keat, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Surgical Morphometry of C1 lateral mass and C2 Pedicle in Relation to Surgical Fixation. A CT Scan Assessment, Tan Tiam Siong, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Cortical Screw Rod Construct Versus Pedicle Screw Rod Construct: A Biomechanical Animal Model Study, Sem Sei Haw, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Outcome of Cervical Lateral Mass Fixation in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy, Foo Choong Hoon, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Perception of Parents and Patients on Neck Tilt and Shoulder Balance in relation to be Radiological Parameter, Wong Kai Ann, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Comparison of Radiological Coronal Correction and Patient Satisfaction between the Hybrid Fixation Group and the Pedicle Screw Fixation Group in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, Saravanan S, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Necrotizing fasciitis of the lower limb a prospective review of prognostic factors affecting mortality and outcome, Chee Eng Keong, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Radiological Outcome of Corrective Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery using Skipped Level Pedicle Screws Constructs and Segmental Derotation Technique, Mah Kok Keong, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Anatomical Feasibility of using Common Peroneal Nerve for Direct Neurotisation of the Ipsilateral Brachial Plexus Palsy, Saw Lim Beng, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Biomechanical Analysis of a Single Medial Locked Compression Plate in a Bicondylar Tibial Pleatau Fracture with Medial Metaphyseal Defect, Siva Kumar Ariaretnam, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Vancomysin Release from the Impregnated POP and PMMA discs, Lau Choon Ping, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • An Analysis of the Radiographic Morphometry of the Thoracic Pedicle and Correlation with Pedicle Screw Insertion in Cadavers Using the Funnel Technique, Chris Chan Yin Wei, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Comparison of Brisk Knee Reflexes in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis and Healthy Adults, Sivalingam R. G, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Outcome Study on Fracture Neck of Femur in Elderly Patients Treated with Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vijayachandran V, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Early Outcome of Scorpio Single Axis Total Knee System in University of Malaya Medical Centre, Rengsen P, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    Ongoing
    • Perioperative Outcome of Posterior Spinal Fusion using Alternate Level Pedicle Screw Instrumentation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Review of 1000 Consecutive Cases in A Single Institution, Loh Kwong Weng, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Morphometric Variations of the Lumbosacral Canal in the Adult Asian Population, Paul Tan Boon King, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • Perioperative Outcome and Efficiency of Surgical Standardisation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery: A Prospective Study of 100 AIS Cases, Aw Wai Onn, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    • The Importance of Sagittal Parameters in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patient: Looking Into Clinical Outcome and Distal Disc Degeneration in Follow-Up MRI, Yee Thean Sim, University of Malaya (UM) (Post Graduate Student)
    UG Student/Clinical Fellowship
    (Title of Thesis),(Academic Session)
    Completed
    • , 2021 (Clinical Fellowship/Sub-Specialty)
    PATENT/IPR
    (Product Name),(Type),(Level)
    • PORTABLE SCOLIOSIS ASSESSMENT DEVICE, Patent (National)
    • ANTIBIOTIC DISC FOR OPEN WOUND, PATENT
    SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ACTIVITIES
    (Contribution to Society),(Duration),(Level)
    • Scoliosis Corrective Surgeries under One Hope Charity, 01/01/2021 to 31/12/2021 (National)
    • Scoliosis Corrective Surgeries under One Hope Charity, 01/01/2020 to 31/12/2020 (National)
    ACADEMIC/PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
    Academic/Professional Services
    (Contribution),(Duration),(Level),(Role)
  • Continuous Medical Education (CME) Program for House Officer UMMC, 15/12/2021 to 20/12/2021, University, (Panelist/Moderator)
  • Speaker of Basic Surgical Spine Course 2021, 30/11/2021 to 30/11/2021, University, (Panelist/Moderator)
  • Prevention of post-operative medial shoulder imbalance and neck tilt in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) surgery: Preoperative evaluation and surgical strategies, 05/11/2021 to 06/11/2021, International, (Panelist/Moderator)
  • Mentor of APSS Depuy Synthes Virtual Fellowship Programme, 01/11/2021 to 25/12/2021, International, (Panelist/Moderator)
  • Internal Examiner for MBBS Final Clinical Examination, 17/08/2021 to 18/08/2021, University, (Internal Examiner)
  • President of 8th International Malaysia Spine Society Scientific Congress, 07/08/2021 to 08/08/2021, International, (Event Organiser)
  • Basic Interpretation of the Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Degenerative Lumbar Spine Diseases, 29/07/2021 to 31/07/2021, International, (Panelist/Moderator)
  • The Science of Achieving Shoulder and Neck Balance in AIS, 29/07/2021 to 31/07/2021, International, (Panelist/Moderator)
  • The Usage of Single-stage Posterior Spinal Fusion in Severe Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) with Cobb angle 90 , 28/05/2021 to 29/05/2021, International, (Panelist/Moderator)
  • Panel for University Malaya FRGS Research Grant, 10/05/2021 to 14/05/2021, University, (Reviewer)
  • Examiner for Orthopaedic Specialty Committee (OSC) Part 2 Examination, 04/11/2020 to 12/11/2020, National, (Internal Examiner)
  • Reviewer Panel for Journal (Global Spine Journal), 01/10/2020 to 31/12/2022, International, (Reviewer)
  • Examiner for MBBS 3.2 Examination, 14/06/2019 to 14/06/2019, University, (Internal Examiner)
  • Assessor for National Orthopaedic Postgraduate Training Selection Process (NOPTSP), 22/01/2019 to 24/01/2019, National, (External Examiner)
  • Reviewer Panel for Journal (BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders ), 01/01/2019 to 31/12/2021, International, (Reviewer)
  • Reviewer Panel for Journal (Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery), 01/01/2018 to 31/12/2021, International, (Reviewer)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Asia Traveling Fellowship Program, 09/11/2015 to 14/11/2015, International, (Expert Advisor)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Asia Travelling Fellowship Program, 01/12/2014 to 06/12/2014, International, (Expert Advisor)
  • Secretary of 5th Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) and 5th Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association 2013, 28/08/2013 to 31/08/2013, International, (Event Organiser)
  • Reviewer Panel for Journal (Indian Journal of Orthopaedics), 01/01/2012 to 31/12/2021, International, (Reviewer)
  • Reviewer Panel for Journal (Medical Journal of Malaysia), 01/01/2012 to 31/12/2021, National, (Reviewer)
  • Expert Linkages
    (Linkages Description),(Organisation),(Duration of Involvement),(Level)
  • Host Centre for Clinical Fellowship in Spine Surgery, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2020 (Japan)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Visiting Scholar Program, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019 (Japan)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Asia Travelling Fellowship Program, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019 (Japan)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Visiting Scholar Program, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2018 (Japan)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Asia Travelling Fellowship Program, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2018 (Japan)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Asia Travelling Fellowship Program, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2017 (Japan)
  • International Research Collaboration for Minimally Invasive Spine Technique (MISt) Study: Accuracy and Safety of Fluoroscopic guided Percutaneous Pedicle Screws in Thoracic and Lumbosacral Spine : A Review of 2000 screws , Department of Orthopaedic, Hamburg, Germany, 2016 (International)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Asia Travelling Fellowship Program, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2016 (Japan)
  • International Research Collaboration for Minimally Invasive Spine Technique (MISt) Study: A comparison of feasibility and safety of percutaneous fluoroscopic guided thoracic pedicle screws between Europeans and Asians: is there any difference? , Department of Orthopaedic, Hamburg, Germany, 2016 (International)
  • International Research Collaboration for Minimally Invasive Spine Technique (MISt) Study: Comparison between Minimally Invasive Surgery and Conventional Open Surgery for Patients with Spinal Metastasis: A Prospective Propensity Score-Matched Study , Department of Orthopaedic, Hamburg, Germany, 2016 (International)
  • International Research Collaboration for Minimally Invasive Spine Technique (MISt) Study: The Accuracy and Safety of Fluoroscopically Guided Percutaneous Pedicle Scres in Lumbosacral Junction and Lumbar Spine A Review of 880 Screws , Department of Orthopaedic, Hamburg, Germany, 2016 (International)
  • Host Centre for JSSR Asia Traveling Fellowship Program, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2013 (Japan)
  • AWARD AND STEWARDSHIP
    (Name of Award/Stewardship),(Awarding Institution),(Year Awarded),(Type of Award)
    • KSSS Best Paper Award, Korean Society of Spine Surgery (KSSS), 2021 (BEST PAPER AWARD)
    • Subir Sengupta Best Published Clinical Award, Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2021 (BEST PAPER AWARD)
    • MSS Presidential Best Research Award, Malaysia Spine Society (MSS), 2021 (BEST PAPER AWARD)
    • Best Paper Award, The International Congress of Korean Society of Spine Surgery 2020: "The Change in Position and Distance of the Aorta from the Vertebra in Relation with the Magnitude of the Lenke 1 & 2 Scoliotic Curve", Korean Society of Spine Surgery, 2020 (RESEARCH)
    • English Presentation Award, The 48th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019: "Does Medial and Lateral Shoulder Discordance Affect Postoperative Shoulder Balance in Lenke type 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients Following Posterior Spinal Fusion?", Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019 (RESEARCH)
    • P. Balasubramaniam Best Published Translational Medicine (Non-Clinical) Paper Award: Zonal differences in risk and pattern of pedicle screw perforations in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): a computerized tomography (CT) review of 1986 screws , Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2019 (RESEARCH)
    • APSS Congress Best Clinical Research Award , 12th Combined Meeting of Asia Pacific Spine Society & Asia Pacific Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, 2019: Preoperative Cervical Axis Deviation is an Important Factor that Increases the Risk of Distal Adding-on Following Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) in Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients with Non-AR Curves. , Asia Pacific Spine Society, 2019 (RESEARCH)
    • EXCELLENCE SERVICE AWARD, University of Malaya, 2019 (CERTIFICATE)
    • English Presentation Award, The 48th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019: The position and distance of the aorta from the vertebra in relation with the magnitude of the Lenke 1 & 2 scoliotic curve , Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019 (RESEARCH)
    • English Presentation Award, The 48th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019: Defining Two Subtypes of Lenke 5 Curves in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion , Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2019 (RESEARCH)
    • MSS Presidential Best Oral Research Award, 7th International Malaysia Spine Society (MSS) Scientific Congress, 2019: Breast Asymmetry in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients with Structural Thoracic Curve: A Computed Tomography (CT) Analysis and Assessment of Patients Perception Using the BREAST-Q Questionnaire. , Malaysia Spine Society, 2019 (RESEARCH)
    • MSS Presidential Best Poster Research Award, 7th International Malaysia Spine Society (MSS) Scientific Congress, 2019: What is Better in Predicting Postoperative Improvement in Health-Related Quality of Life (HrQoL) among Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients? , Malaysia Spine Society, 2019 (RESEARCH)
    • Best Oral Research Award - 6th International Malaysian Spine Society (MSS) Scientific Congress 2018: Accuracy, Safety and Diagnostic Outcome of Fluoroscopic vs Computered Tomography guided Transpedicular Core Needle Biopsy for Spinal Infections and Tumours - A Prospective Randomized Trial. , Malaysian Spine Society, 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • APSS-ASJ Best Basic Sciences Research Award, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) 2018: Is a Higher Dose Range of Tranexamic Acid More Superior in Reducing Blood Loss in Scoliosis Surgery? , Asia Pacific Spine Society, 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • APSS-ASJ Best Clinical Research Award, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS), 2018: Is There a Difference between Patients and Parents Perception of the Physical Appearance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)? , Asia Pacific Spine Society, 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • English Presentation Award, 47th Annual Meeting of The Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR) 2018: Outcome of single stage posterior spinal fusion using pedicle screw instrumentation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis patients with Cobb angle>90 , The Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • English Presentation Award, 47th Annual Meeting of The Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR) 2018: Upper Instrumented Vertebra Tilt angle- An important postoperative radiological parameter that correlates with postoperative medial shoulder and neck imbalance , The Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • First Prize Award for the Best Oral Paper, 1st Singapore Spine Society Annual Meeting - Safety in Spine Surgery: "Cervical Supine Side Bending versus Cervical Supine Traction Radiographs: Which is Better in Predicting Proximal Thoracic Flexibility for Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis? , Singapore Spine Society, 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • P. Balasubramaniam Best Published Translational Medicine (Non-Clinical) Paper Award: Feasibility of percutaneous posterolateral spinal fusion with recombinant bone morphogenetics Protein 2 (rhBMP-2) , Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • Subir Sengupta Best Published Clinical Paper Award: "Does a Dual Attending Surgeon Strategy Confer Additional Benefit for Posterior Selective Thoracic Fusion in Lenke 1 & 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)? A Prospective Matching Score Analysis", Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2018 (RESEARCH)
    • Certificate of Appreciation for Excellence Service, University of Malaya, 2018 (SERVICES)
    • Subir Sengupta Best Published Clinical Paper Award: "Minimally Invasive Spinal Stabilization Using Fluoroscopic-Guided Percutaneous Screws as a Form of Palliative Surgery in Patients with Spinal Metastasis", Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2017 (RESEARCH)
    • Best Oral Research Award at The 5th International Malaysian Spine Society (MSS) Scientific Congress 2017: Complications of Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A single center review of 1000 consecutive cases , Malaysian Spine Society, 2017 (RESEARCH)
    • Best Poster Research Award at The 5th International Malaysian Spine Society (MSS) Scientific Congress 2017: Comparison of daytime and after-hours Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) surgery in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients: Is there a difference? , Malaysian Spine Society, 2017 (RESEARCH)
    • Most Innovative Product (Silver Award), Bioeconomy Innovation Awards 2017: Scolios2- Portable Device for Preliminary Diagnosis of Scoliosis and Shoulder Symmetricity Assessment (Healthcare & Wellness Category), Malaysian Bioeconomy Development Corporation, 2017 (COMPETITION)
    • International Conference and Exhibitions on Inventions by Institutions of Higher Learning (PECIPTA) (Gold Award): "Scolios2- Portable Device for Preliminary Diagnosis of Scoliosis and Shoulder Symmetricity Assessment", Ministry of Higher Education, 2017 (COMPETITION)
    • Best Oral Research Award at The 4th International Malaysian Spine Society (MSS) Scientific Congress 2016: Assessment Of Intra-Operative Blood Loss At Different Surgical 24 Stages Of Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery In Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (Lenke Type 1 And 2): A Prospective Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study Comparing Between Single And Two Attending Surgeons , Malaysian Spine Society , 2016 (RESEARCH)
    • Subir Sengupta Best Published Clinical Award: "Peri-operative Outcome in Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Study Comparing Single Versus Two Attending Surgeons Strategy , Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2016 (RESEARCH)
    • P. Balasubramaniam Best Published Translational Medicine Paper Award: "Comparison Between Percutaneous Fluoroscopic-Guided And Conventional Open Pedicle Screw Placement Techniques For The Thoracic Spine: A Safety Evaluation In Human Cadavers", Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2016 (RESEARCH)
    • CERTIFICATE OF EXCELLENT SERVICE, University of Malaya, 2016 (CERTIFICATE)
    • Best Oral Paper Presentation Award: Feasibility of Percutaneous Posterolateral Spinal Fusion with Recombinant Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (Rh-BMP2): A Comparison with Standard Methods Using an Animal Model Study , International Minimally Invasive Spine Congress Kuala Lumpur, 2014 (RESEARCH)
    • P. Balasubramaniam Best Published Translational Medicine Paper Award: "The Safety And Strength Of A Novel Medial, Partial Non-Threaded Pedicle Screw : A Cadaveric And Biomechanical Investigation", Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2014 (BEST PAPER AWARD)
    • Best Clinical Lecturer Award of Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, 2013 (EDUCATION)
    • EXCELLENCE SERVICE AWARD, University of Malaya, 2012 (CERTIFICATE)
    • Best Lecturer Award (Orthopaedic Surgery), University Malaya Medical Centre, 2011 (EDUCATION)
    • Best Lecturer Award (Orthopaedic Surgery), University Malaya Medical Centre, 2010 (EDUCATION)
    • Certificate of Appreciation for Excellence Patient Care, University Malaya Medical Centre, 2010 (SERVICES)
    • Best Lecturer Award (Orthopaedic Surgery), University Malaya Medical Centre, 2009 (EDUCATION)
    • Mahmood Merican Award for Best Thesis of MSOrth 2008: "An Analysis of the Radiographic Morphometry of the Thoracic Pedicle and Correlation with Pedicle Screw Insertion in Cadavers Using the Funnel Technique , Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2008 (RESEARCH)
    • Best Lecture Award at the 5th Asia Pacific Spine Symposium, Asia Pacific Spine Society, 2008 (EDUCATION)
    • Certificate of Appreciation for Excellence Patient Care (Cemerlang), University Malaya Medical Centre, 2008 (SERVICES)
    • Best Lecturer Award (Orthopaedic Surgery), University Malaya Medical Centre, 2006 (EDUCATION)
    • CERTIFICATE OF EXCELLENT SERVICE, University of Malaya, 2006 (CERTIFICATE)
    • Best Lecturer Award (Orthopaedic Surgery), University Malaya Medical Centre, 2005 (EDUCATION)
    • EXCELLENCE SERVICE AWARD, University of Malaya, 2005 (CERTIFICATE)
    • Best Lecturer Award (Orthopaedic Surgery), University Malaya Medical Centre, 2004 (EDUCATION)
    • Mahmood Merican Award for Best Thesis of MSOrth. "Morphometric Study of Lower Cervical Spine (C3-C7) related to Internal Fixation and Its Correlation with CT Scan Measurement", Malaysian Orthopaedic Association, 2002 (RESEARCH)
    • N. Subramaniam Medal Award 2002 for Top Student of MSOrth (University of Malaya), Malaysian Orthopaedic Association , 2002 (EDUCATION)
    • Civil Service Award for Excellence (Cemerlang), Ministry of Health, Malaysia, 1999 (SERVICES)
    CONSULTANCY PROJECT
    (Project title),(Organisation),(Duration),(Role),(Level)
    • Medical Advisor to "Beyond Rehabilitation Wellness Centre" in Malacca and Selangor, "Beyond Rehabilitation Wellness Centre" in Malacca and Selangor, 01/06/2011 to 01/06/2020 (National)
    • Programme Director of Spine Training Programme OLC-SABL Surgeon Education Programme, Orthopaedic Learning Centre, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 01/06/2012 to 01/06/2012 (International)
    PAPER PRESENTED
    (Title),(Event),(Date Presented),(Organiser),(Level)
    INVITED SPEAKER
  • Shoulder and Neck Imbalance in Lenke type 1 & 2 curves, Annual Conference of Bombay Spine Society (BSSCON) 2020, 19/12/2020 to 20/12/2020, Bombay Spine Society (International)
  • Current Concepts and Surgical Strategies for Postoperative Shoulder and Neck Imbalance in Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Surgery, The 49th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR), 07/09/2020 to 09/09/2020, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR) (International)
  • Severe Scoliosis: Debate, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) Mumbai Operative Spine Course 2020 , 13/02/2020 to 15/02/2020, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • UIV Selection in AIS surgery-Principles and Recent Updates; Kings Type 2/Lenke Type 1C - Pros & Cons of Selective Thoracic Fusion; Complication Avoidance in EOS Management , ASIA PACIFIC SPINE SOCIETY+ BOMBAY SPINE SOCIETY OPERATIVE SPINE COURSE, 13/02/2020 to 15/02/2020, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) (International)
  • Surgical Management of Severe AIS (Cobb 900): Feasibility and Outcome of a Single-staged Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery, 3rd Singapore Spine Society Annual Meeting -Safety in Spine Surgery, 17/01/2020 to 18/01/2020, Singapore Spine Society (International)
  • UIV Selection in Lenke 5 AIS: Is it an Art or Science? , 3rd Singapore Spine Society Annual Meeting -Safety in Spine Surgery, 17/01/2020 to 18/01/2020, Singapore Spine Society (International)
  • Minimally Invasive Stabilization of the Thoracolumbar Spine with Percutaneous Screws and Navigation, Spine Deformity Solutions: A Hands-On Course , 01/11/2019 to 03/11/2019, Scoliosis Research Society (International)
  • UIV selection and how to achieve a good neck and shoulder balance in Lenke 1 and 2 AIS?, Korean Spinal Deformity Society Symposium , 23/08/2019 to 25/08/2019, Korean Spinal Deformity Society (International)
  • Safety of Pedicle Screw Instrumentation in Spinal Surgery, The 48th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR2019), 18/04/2019 to 20/04/2019, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (International)
  • Neglected Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, Asia Pacific Spine Society Annual Meeting 2019 , 04/04/2019 to 06/04/2019, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Surgical Decision Making in Patients with Spinal Metastases: When is Surgery Beneficial?; Pedicle Screw Safety in Scoliosis Surgery , APSS Nha Trang Operative Spine Course 2019, 25/03/2019 to 27/03/2019, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Pedicle Screw Safety in Scoliosis Surgery, APSS Nha Trang Operative Spine Course Combined Annual Meeting of SSHV 25 ISSM KHGH 9, 25/03/2019 to 27/03/2019, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Selective Thoracic Fusion in AIS (Lenke 1 and 2C); Severe Neurofibromatosis Kyphoscoliosis, APSS-PSS Davao Operative Spine Course 2018, 06/12/2018 to 08/12/2018, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Minimally Invasive Stabilization of the Thoracolumbar Spine with Percutaneous Screws and Navigation, The 11th Spine Deformity Solutions: A Hands-on Course, 07/09/2018 to 09/09/2018, Scoliosis Research Society (International)
  • Fireside Chats: Adult Deformity, The 11th Spine Deformity Solutions: A Hands-on Course, 07/09/2018 to 09/09/2018, Scoliosis Research Society (International)
  • Selection of UIV and Shoulder Balance, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) 2018 Annual Meeting in Taiwan, 07/06/2018 to 08/06/2018, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) (International)
  • The Art of Achieving an Optimum Coronal Spinal Balance in Corrective Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients, 47th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR2018) , 12/04/2018 to 14/04/2018, Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research (JSSR) (International)
  • Percutaneous Pedicle Screw in Spinal Surgery. How to Avoid Complication?, Spine World Summit 2018 , 26/01/2018 to 27/01/2018, Spine World (International)
  • Asia Pacific Research Colloqium, Spine World Summit 2018, 26/01/2018 to 27/01/2018, Spine World Summit (International)
  • The Use of Percutaneous Pedicle Screw (PPS) in Thoracolumbar Spinal Surgery. How to Prevent Complications? , 1st Annual Meeting, 6 & 7 January 2018 - Safety in Spine Surgery , 06/01/2018 to 06/01/2018, Singapore Spine Society (International)
  • TLIF with L5 nerve Root Injury: Revision Strategy and Complication Avoidance, 1st Annual Meeting Safety in Spine Surgery , 06/01/2018 to 06/01/2018, Singapore Spine Society (International)
  • The Role of In-situ Fusion using Fibula Graft for Balanced High Grade Spondylolisthesis, Singapore Spine Society 1st Annual Meeting, 06/01/2018 to 07/01/2018, Singapore Spine Society (International)
  • Management of spinal metastasis. When surgical options be beneficial for patients?, The 2nd APSS Colombo Operative Course , 05/11/2017 to 07/11/2017, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Fireside Chat: Radiographic Evaluation & Planning for Correction of Spinal Deformity, Spine Deformity Solutions: A Hands-On Course, 22/10/2017 to 24/10/2017, Scoliosis Research Society (International)
  • Minimally Invasive Stabilization of the Thoracolumbar Spine with Percutaneous Screws & Navigation, Spine Deformity Solutions: A Hands-On Course, 22/10/2017 to 24/10/2017, Scoliosis Research Society (International)
  • Lunch Symposium Session: Scoliosis Correction Technique in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (VCM / VBR), The 11th Biennial Combined Congress of APSS-APPOS, 21/09/2017 to 23/09/2017, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Paediatric Scolisis Session: How Selective Can We Be in Selective Thoracic Fusion?, The 11th Biennial Combined Congress of APSS-APPOS, 21/09/2017 to 23/09/2017, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • HIBBS Society Meeting: Failure of Selecting UIV, Unbalanced Shoulder, The 52nd Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Annual Meeting & Course, 06/09/2017 to 09/09/2017, Scoliosis Research Society (International)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Lumbosacral Spine Made Easy, APSS Kathmandu Operative Spine Course, 16/03/2017 to 18/03/2017, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery in Spinal Metastasis, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) Surabaya Operative Course 2016 , 16/12/2016 to 18/12/2016, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Live Surgery on Idiopathic Scoliosis Patient, APSS Surabaya Operative Course, 16/12/2016 to 18/12/2016, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Minimally Invasive Techniques in Deformity Percutaneous Screw? Cortical Bone Trajectory/LIF, 7th Spine Deformity Solutions: A Hands-On Course from Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) 2016 , 28/10/2016 to 30/10/2016, Scoliosis Research Society (International)
  • Recent Advancement in MIS Spinal Metastasis Surgery, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) Spine Week , 16/05/2016 to 20/05/2016, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • AIS Spine: Can you avoid neck and shoulder imbalance in Lenke 1 and 2 scoliosis correction?, Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) Spine Week Meeting 2016 , 16/05/2016 to 20/05/2016, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture (OVCF): Diagnosis and treatment, The 19th APOA Congress 2016 , 29/03/2016 to 01/04/2016, Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association (International)
  • Management of Spinal Metastases. When Surgical Options will be Beneficial for Patients?, APSS Cambodia Spine Course, 17/02/2016 to 19/02/2016, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)
  • Management of spinal metastasis. When surgical options be beneficial for patients? , Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) Operative Spine Course 2016, 17/02/2016 to 19/02/2016, Asia Pacific Spine Society (International)