Department of Parasitology
Faculty of Medicine
 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, W.Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia



  • Vythilingam,I & Hii,J. 2013. Simian Malaria Parasites: Special Emphasis on Plasmodium knowlesi and Their Anopheles Vectors in Southeast Asia. 
  • Lim, YAL & Vythilingam, I. 2013 Parasites and their vectors: A special focus on Southeast Asia.Springer 
Chapter in Book

  • Hii,J., Vythilingam,I., & Roca-Feltrer, A. (2018). Human and Simian Malaria in the Great Mekong Subregion, and challenges for elimination. In S. Manguin & Vas Dev (Eds.), Towards malaria elimination, a leap forward - Lessons learned and future challenges (pp. 95-127). London, UK: IntechOpen 

  • Wong,H.V., Chan,Y.F., Sam,I.C.,WanYusof,W.S. Vythilingam,I. In Chu,J.J.H & Ang,S.K. (Editors) Chikungunya Virus: Methods and Protocols. 1-333. New York,Humana Press 

  • Vythilingam,I. 2014. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus: Surveillance and management. In Kumar, Rodrigues and Dias (editors). Major tropical Diseases: Public Health Perspective. 240-254. Broadway Publishing House, Goa India 

  • Lee,K.S.& vythilingam,I. 2013. Plasmodium knowlesi:Emergent human malaria in Southeast Asia. In Lim, Y.A.L., & Vythilingam,I. (ed). Parasites and their vectors: A special focus on Southeast Asia. 5-31. Springer 

  • Ng LC and Vythilingam I. Vectors of flavivrus and their control. Molecular Virology and control of flavivirus Editor Pei Yong Shi. Caister Academic Press 
Article in Academic Journals

  • Brown, R., Chua, T.H., Fornace, K., Drakeley, C., Vythilingam, I. & Ferguson, H.M. (2020). Human exposure to zoonotic malaria vectors in village, farm and forest habitats in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. PLoS NTD. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Wong ML, Liew JWK, Wong WK, Pramasivan S, Norzihan MH, Wan Yusoff WS, Jeyaprakasam NK, Leong CS, Low VL, Vythilingam, I. (2020) Natural Wolbachia infection in field-collected Anopheles and other mosquito species from Malaysia. Parasites and Vectors 13:414. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Grace Yap, Diyar Mailepessov, Xiao Fang Lim, Sharon Chan, Choon Beng How, Mahathir bin Humaidi, Gladys Yeo, Chee Seng Chong, Sai Gek Lam-Phua, Ruth Lee, Chiharu Okumura, Indra Vythilingam, and N. G. Lee Ching. (2020). Detection of Japanese Encephalitis Virus in Culex Mosquitoes in Singapore. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Sivaneswari Selvarajoo, Jonathan Wee Kent Liew, Wing Tan, Xin Ying Lim, Wardha F Refai, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Neha Sethi, Wan Yusoff Wan Sulaiman, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Jamuna Vadivelu, and Indra Vythilingam [Paper #SREP-19-38117A], Knowledge, attitude and practice on dengue prevention and dengue seroprevalence in a dengue hotspot in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study (ISI-Indexed)
  • Ong NH, Chua CL, Liew JRK, Wan Sulaiman WY, Chan YF, Sam IC, Vythilingam I. Vector competence of Malaysian Aedes aegypti to Zika virus and impact of sequential arbovirus infections. Acta Trop 2020: 105472. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Olawale Quazim Junaid, Indra Vythiling, Loke Tim Khaw, Sinnadurai Sivanandam & Rohela Mahmud (2020). Effect of Brugia pahangi co-infection with Plasmodium berghei ANKA in gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Parasitology Research. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Tan, W., Liew,JWK., Selvarajooa,S., Lim,X.Y., Foo,CJ.,Wardha FR, Robson, R.,Othman,S.,Hadi,HA, Mydin,FHM, Malik,TFAM, Lau, YL., Vythilingam.I. (2020). Inapparent dengue in a community living among dengue-positive Aedes mosquitoes and in a hospital in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Acta Tropica, 204, 105330. (ISI-Indexed)

  • Fornace, KM., Alexander,N., Abidin, TR., Brock, PM., Chua, TH., Vythilingam,I.,Ferguson,HM., Manin, BO.,Wong, ML.,Ng, SH., Cox,J., Drakeley, C. (2019). Local human movement patterns and land use impact exposure to zoonotic malaria in Malaysian Borneo. eLife 8:e47602. 1-17 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Liew, JWK., Selvarajoo, S., Tan, W., Zaki, RA and Vythilingam, I. (2019). Gravid oviposition sticky trap and dengue non-structural 1 antigen test for early surveillance of dengue in multi-storey dwellings: study protocol of a cluster randomized controlled trial. Infectious Disease of Poverty. 8:71 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Meng Li Wonga, Md Atique Ahmed, Wan Yusoff Wan Sulaimana, Benny O Manind, Cherng Shii Leonga, Fu-Shi Quanc, Tock H Chua, Chris Drakeley, Georges Snounou and Indra Vythilingam. (2019). Genetic diversity of zoonotic malaria parasites from mosquito vector and vertebrate hosts. Infection, Genetics and Evolution (ISI-Indexed)
  • Chua, TH., Manin, BO., Vythilingam, I., Fornace,K and Drakeley, CH. (2019). Effect of different habitat types on abundance and biting times of Anopheles balabacensis Baisas (Diptera: Culicidae) in Kudat district of Sabah, Malaysia. 12;364:1-13 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Leong, SC., Vythilingam,I., Liew. JWK., Wong, ML., Wan‑Yusoff, WS. and Lau, YL. (2019). Enzymatic and molecular characterization of insecticide resistance mechanisms in field populations of Aedes aegypti from Selangor, Malaysia. Parasites & Vectors, 12:236, 1-17 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Goh, X.T., Chua, K.H., Vythilingam, I., Lee, P.C., Tan, T.C., Yap, N.J., Chai, H.C., Nissapatorn, V. and Lim, Y.A.L. (2019). Genetic diversity of Merozoite Surface Protein-1 gene block 2 allelic types in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Malaysia and Thailand. Tropical Biomedicine, 36(1),70-80. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Low,VL., Wong,ML., Liew, JWK., Pramasivam, S.,Jeyaprakasam, NK., and Vythilingam,I. (2019). Gender beyond male and female: Occurrence of a gynandromorph in the Japanese encephalitis vector Culex sitiens (Diptera: Culicidae). Acta Tropica, 201, 1-3 (ISI-Indexed)

  • Junaid, OQ, Wong KT, Khaw LT, Mahmud R, Vythilingam, I (2018). Histopathology of Brugia pahangi and Plasmodium berghei ANKA co-infection in the Gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus). (Tropical Biomedicine in press) (ISI-Indexed)
  • Md Atique Ahmed; Ki-Back Chu; Indra Vythilingam; Fu-Shi Quan. Within-population genetic diversity and population structure of Plasmodium knowlesi merozoite surface protein 1 gene from geographically distinct regions of Malaysia and Thailand. (Malaria Journal in Press) (ISI-Indexed)
  • Liew, J.W.K., Leong, C.S., Wong, M.L.,Vythilingam, I., Fong, M.Y. Lau, Y.L. (2017). Characterization and Expression Analysis of the STAT Pathway in Anopheles dirus. Chiang Mai J. Sci. 2018; 45(X) : 1-17 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Yap, N. J., Vythilingam, I., Hoh, B. P., Goh, X. T., Muslim, A., Ngui, R., ... & Lim, Y. A. L. (2018). Genetic polymorphism and natural selection in the C-terminal 42 kDa region of merozoite surface protein-1 (MSP-1) among Plasmodium knowlesi samples from Malaysia. Parasites & vectors, 11(1), 626. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-018-3234-5 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Leong CS, Vythilingam I, Wong, ML, Wan-Yusoff WS, Lau YL (2018). Aedes aegypti(Linnaeus) larvae from dengue outbreak areas in Selangor showing resistance to pyrethroids but susceptible to organophosphates. Acta Tropica, 185; 115-126 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Indra Vythilingam, Wong, M.L. & Wan Yussof,W.S. (ISI-Indexed)

  • Vythilingam, I. and Wan-Yusoff, W.S. (2017). Dengue vector control in Malaysia: Are we moving in the right direction? Tropical Biomedicine, 34(4), 746-758 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Han, T.Z., Han, K.T., Aye,K.H., Hlaing,T.,Thant,K.Z. Vythilingam,I. (2017). Comparison of microscopy and PCR for the detection of human Plasmodium species and Plasmodium knowlesi in southern Myanmar. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 7(8), 1-6. (SCOPUS-Indexed)
  • Chua, T.H., Manin,B.O., Daim,S.,Vythilingam,I and Drakele, C. (2017). Phylogenetic analysis of simian Plasmodium spp. infecting Anopheles balabacensis Baisas in Sabah, Malaysia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 11(10): e0005991 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Roslan MA, Ngui R, Vythilingam I, Sulaiman WYW (2017) Evaluation of sticky traps for adult Aedes mosquitoes in Malaysia: a potential monitoring and surveillance tool for the efficacy of control strategies. Journal of Vector Ecology 42(2):298-307. doi: 10.1111/jvec.12270 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Yap, NJ., Goh,XT., Koehler,AV., William, T., Yeo,TW., Vythilingam,I., Gasser, RB & Lim,YAL. (2017). Genetic diversity in the C-terminus ofmerozoite surface protein 1 among Plasmodium knowlesi isolates from Selangor and Sabah Borneo, Malaysia. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 54, 39-46 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Junaid, Q.O., Khaw, L.T., Mahmud.,R., Ong, K.C., Lau, Y.L., Borade,P.U., Liew,J.W.K., Sivanandam,S., Wong,K.T. and Vythilingam,I. (2017). Pathogenesis of Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection in the gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) as an experimental model for severe malaria. Parasite, 24, 38, 1-14. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Lau, S.M., Chua, T.H., Sulaiman, W.Y., Joanne, S., Lim, Y.A.L., Sekaran, S.D.,...Vythilingam, I.(2017). A new paradigm for Aedes spp surveillance using gravid ovipositing sticky trap and NS1 antigen test kit. Parasites & Vectors, 10,151. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Joanne S, Vythilingam I, Teoh BT, Leong CS, Tan KK, Wong ML, Yugavathy N, AbuBakar S. Vector competence of Malaysian Aedes albopictus with and without Wolbachia to four dengue virus serotypes. Tropical medicine & international health. 2017 Sep;22(9):1154-65. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Ahmad,NA.,Vythilingam,I., Lim,YAL., Zabari,NZ., & Lee,HL. (2017). Detection of Wolbachia in Aedes albopictus and their effects on Chikungunya virus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96(1), 148-156. (ISI-Indexed)

  • Hayley L. Brant., Ewers, R.M., Vythilingam,I., Drakeley,C., Benedick,S.& Mumford,J.D. 2016.Vertical stratification of adult mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) within a tropical rainforest in Sabah, Malaysia. Malaria Journal 15(370):1-9. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Joanne S, Vythilingam I, Yugavathy N, Leong CS, Wong ML, AbuBakar S. (2016). Unidirectional cytoplasmic incompatibility in Malaysian Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 109(3):366-70 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Shearer, F.M., Huang,Z., Weiss,D.J., Wiebe,A., Gibson,H.S., Battle,K.E., Pigott,D.M., Brady,O.J., Putaporntip,C., Vythilingam, I. & Moyes,C.L. 2016. Estimating Geographical Variation in the Risk of Zoonotic Plasmodium knowlesi Infection in Countries Eliminating Malaria. PLoS NTD 10(8):1-17 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Manin, B.O., Ferguson, H.M., Vythilingam, I., Fornace, K., William, T., Torr, S.J.,... Chua,T.H. (2016). Investigating the Contribution of Peri-domestic Transmission to Risk of Zoonotic Malaria Infection in Humans. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(10): e0005064. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Vythilingam I, Sam JIC, Chan YF, Khaw LT, Wan Sulaiman WY. New paradigms for virus detection, surveillance and control of Zika virus vectors in the settings of Southeast Asia. Frontiers in Microbiology 2016; 7: 1452. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Hui Vern Wong,Vythilingam,I., WanYusof,W.S.,Lulla,A., Merits,A.,Chan,Y.F.& Sam,I.C.2016. Detection of Persistent Chikungunya Virus RNA but not Infectious Virus in Experimental Vertical Transmission in Aedes aegypti from Malaysia American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene94(1)182-186 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Sam JIC, Chan YF, Vythilingam I, Wan Sulaiman WY. Zika virus and its potential re-emergence in Malaysia. Medical Journal of Malaysia 2016; 71(2): 68-70. (SCOPUS-Indexed)
  • Catherine L. Moyes, Shearer FM, Huang Z, Wiebe A, Gibson HS, Nijman V, Mohd-Azlan J, Brodie JF, Malaivijitnond S, Linkie M, Samejima H, O’Brien TG, Trainor CR, Hamada Y, Giordano AJ, Kinnaird MF, Elyazar IRF, Sinka ME, Vythilingam I, Bangs MJ, Pigott DM,Weiss DJ, Golding N and Hay SI. 2016. Predicting the geographical distributions of the macaque hosts and mosquito vectors of Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in forested and non-forested areas. Parasites & Vectors 9:242 (ISI-Indexed)

  • Pang, S.C.,Chiang, L.P, Tan, C.H.,Vythilingam, I.,Lam- Phua, S.G.,& Ng, L.C.2015.Low efficacy of delthamethrin-treated net against Singapore Aedes aegypti is associated with kdr-type resistance. Tropical Biomedicine 32:140-150 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Meng L. Wong, Tock, H.C, Leong,C.S.,Khaw, L.T.,Fornace,K.,Wan-Yusoff,W.S., William,T.,Drakeley,C.,Ferguson,H.M.,Vythilingam,I. Seasonal and Spatial Dynamics of the Primary Vector of Plasmodium knowlesi within a Major Transmission Focus in Sabah, Malaysia. PlosNTD 9(10):1-15 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Rumana Akter, Vythilingam, I.,Khaw,L.T.,Qvist,R., Lim,Y.A.L.,Sitam, F.T., Venugopalan,B. & Sekaran, S.D. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Sai-Meng Lau, Vythilingam,I., Doss,JI., Sekaran,S.D., Chua,T.H.,Wan-Yusoff W.S., Chinna,K., Lim, Y.A.L. & Venugopalan, B. 2015. Surveillance of adult Aedes mosquitoes in Selangor, Malaysia. Tropical Medicine International Health DOI10.1111/tmi.12555 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Sylvia Joannea,Vythilingama, I, Nava Y, Leong,C.S., Wong,M.L. & AbuBakar,S. (ISI-Indexed)

  • Sin-Ying Koou, Chee-Seng Chong,Indra Vythilingam,Chow-Yang Lee,and Lee-Ching Ng. 2014. Insecticide resistance and its underlying mechanisms in field populations of Aedes aegypti adults (Diptera: Culicidae) in Singapore. Parasites & Vectors 7:471 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Joanne, S.,Vythilingam,I.,Nava,Y.and Doss,JI. 2014. Modified technique of Wolbachia removal from Malaysian Aedes albopictus. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 4(7):557-560 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Indra Vythilingam,LimYAL,Venugopalan, B.,Ngui, R., Leong,C.H., Wong, ML,Khaw,LT,Goh, X.T.,Yap,N.JW.,Wan Yusoff, W.S.,Jeffery, J., Zawiah, C.T., Nor-Aszlina, I.,Sharma, R.S.K.,Lau,Y.L. Rohela, M.Plasmodium knowlesi malaria an emerging public health problem in Hulu Selangor, Selangor Malaysia (2009-2013): Epidemiologic and entomologic analysis. Parasites & Vectors 7:434 (ISI-Indexed)
  • SIN-YING KOOU,CHEE-SENG CHONG,INDRA VYTHILINGAM, LEE- CHING NG, AND CHOW-YANG LEE. 2014. Pyrethroid Resistance in Aedes aegypti Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) From Singapore (ISI-Indexed)

  • Amirah Amir, Jia Siang Sum, Yee Ling Lau, Indra Vythilingam and Mun Yik Fong. 2013.Colonization of Anopheles cracens: a malaria vector of emerging importance. Parasites and Vectors (ISI-Indexed)
  • Nguyen Van Hong, Peter van den Eede, Chantal Van Overmeir, Indra Vythilingam, Anna Rosanas-Urgell, Pham Vinh Thanh, Ngo Duc Thang, Nguyen Manh Hung, Le Xuan Hung, Umberto D Alessandro, and Annette Erhard.2013. A Modified Semi-Nested Multiplex Malaria PCR (SnM-PCR) for the Identification of the Five Human Plasmodium Species Occurring in Southeast Asia. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 89(4), 2013, pp. 721 723 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Lee C,Vythilingam I,Chong CS, AbdulRazak MA,Tan CH, Pok KY & Ng LC. 2013. Gravitraps for Management of Dengue Clusters in Singapore. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.12-0329. (ISI-Indexed)

  • I-Ching Sam1*, Shih-Keng Loong1, Jasmine Chandramathi Michael1, Chong-Long Chua1, Wan Yusoff Wan Sulaiman2, Indra Vythilingam2, Shie-Yien Chan1, Chun-Wei Chiam1, Yze-Shiuan Yeong2, Sazaly AbuBakar1, Yoke-Fun Chan1 2012 Genotypic and Phenotypic Characterization of Chikungunya Virus of Different Genotypes from Malaysia. Plos One 7(11): e50476. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050476 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Adela Ida Jiram,Indra Vythilingam,Noor Azian Md Yusuf, Yusri Mohd Yusof,Azahari Abdul Hadi&Fong Mun Yik 2012. Entomologic investigation of Plasmodium knowlesi vectors in Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia. Malaria Journal 11: 213 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Indra Vythilingam 2012. Plasmodium knowlesi and Wuchereria bancrofti: Their vectors and challenges for the future. Frontiers in Physiology 3:115 

  • Cheong-Huat Tan, Pei-Sze Jeslyn Wong, Mei-Zhi Irene Li, Indra Vythilingam, and Lee-Ching Ng. 2011 Evaluation of the Dengue NS1 Ag Strip_ for Detection of Dengue Virus Antigen in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Vector-borne and zoonotic diseases 11(6): 789-792. 

  • Ng LC, Lee KS, Tan CH, Ooi PL, Lam-Phua SG, Lin R, Pang SC, Lai YL, Solhan S, Chan PP, Wong KY, Ho ST, Vythilingam I. 2010. Entomologic and molecular investigation into Plasmodium vivax transmission in Singapore, 2009. Malaria Journal 9:305 
  • Anderios, F., NoorRain,A, Vythilingam, I. 2010. In vivo study of human Plasmodium knowlesi in Macaca fascicularis. Experimental Parasitology 124: 181-189. 
  • Vythilingam, I. 2010. Plasmodium knowlesi in humans: a review on the role of its vectors in Malaysia. A review paper. Tropical Biomedicine 27: 1-12 

  • Apandi,Y., Nazni,W.A., Noor Azleen, Z.A., Vythilingam, I., Noorazian, M.Y., Azahari, A.H., Zainah,Z., Lee H.L. 2009. The first isolation of chikungunya virus from non-human primates in Malaysia. Journal of General and Molecular Virology. 1: 35-39. 
  • Van den Eede, P., Nguyen, V.H., Van Overmeir, C., Vythilingam, I., Ngo, D.T., Xuan, H.L., Nguyen, M.H., Anne, J., D Alessandro, U., Erhart, A. (2009). Human Plasmodium knowlesi infections in young children in central Vietnam. Malaria Journal 8:249. 

  • Tan CH, Vythilingam I, Asmad M, Chan ST, Singh B. 2008. Bionomics of Anopheles latens in Kapit, Sarawak,Malaysian Borneo in relation to the transmission of zoonotic simian malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi. Malaria Journal 7:52 
  • Vythilingam I, Noorazian MY, Tan CH, Adela IJ, Yusri MY, Azahari AH, NoorParina I, NoorRain A, Lokman Hakim S. 2008 Plasmodium knowlesi in humans, macaques and mosquitoes in Peninsular Malaysia. Parasites & Vectors 1: 26 

  • Walton C, Somboon P, O loughlin SM, Zhang S, Harbach RE, Linton YM, Chen B, Nolan K, Doung S, Fong MY, Vythilingam I, Mohammed ZD, Trung HD, Butlin RK. 2007 Genetic diversity and molecular identification of mosquito species in the Anopheles maculatus group using the ITS2 region of rDNA. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 7: 93-102 
  • Vythilingam,I., J. Jeffery, R.E. Harbach, S.T. Chan, C.H. Tan, and M. Asmad. 2007. Anopheles (Cellia) kokhani, n. sp. (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE) from Kapit, Sarawak, East Malaysia. Proceedings of Entomological Society of Washington 
  • Dusfor I, Blonaeau J, Harbach RE, Vythilingam I, Baimai V, Trung, HO, Sochanta T, Bangs MJ, Manguin, S. 2007. Polymerase chain reaction identification of three members of the Anopheles sundaicus (Diptera:Culicidae) Complex, malaria vectors in Southeast Asia. Journal of Medical Entomology 44: 723- 731. 

  • Vythilingam, I, Tan CH, Asmad M, Chan ST, Lee KS, Singh B. 2006. Natural transmission of Plasmodium knowlesi to humans by Anopheles aculat in Sarawak, Malaysia. Transactions Royal Society Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 100: 1087-1088 

  • Vythilingam, I., Sidavong B, Chan ST, Phonemixay T,Vanisaveth V, Sidoulad P, Phetsouvanh R, Lokman Hakim S & Phompida S. 2005. Epidemiology of malaria in Attapeu province Lao PDR in relation to entomological parameters. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hgyiene. 99: 833-839. 
  • Vythilingam, I., P. Mooto, J Jeffery, MS Parameswaran. 2005. Potential mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) vectors of Dirofilaria immitis (Filariidae:Onchocercidae) in two urban areas of Kuala Lumpur and its prevalence in stray dogs. Proceedings of 5th International Conference on urban pest (ICUP). 393- 398. 
  • Vythilingam,I., BM Lux, H Rochani, Tan SB, Tan CH. 2005. Laboratory and field evaluation of the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen (Sumilarv 0.5G) against dengue vectors. Journal of American Mosquito Control Association. 21: 296-300. 
  • Vythilingam,I., Chan ST, Tanrang Y, Shanmugaratnam, Chooi KH. 2005. The impact of development and malaria control activities on its vectors in the Kinabatangan area of Sabah, East Malaysia. Acta Tropica. 96: 24-30. 
  • Vythilingam,I., Tan CH, Nazni WA. 2005. Transmission potential of Wuchereria bancrofti by Culex quinquefasciatus in urban areas of Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine, 22: 83-85. 

  • Vythilingam, I. & S Prapto 1992. Laboratory evaluation of IGR chlorfluazuron (IKI7899) against 3 species of mosquitoes. Tropical Biomedicine 9, 55-58. 

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